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Chesterfield County Genealogy

Chesterfield County was formed in 1798 from the Cheraws District. The county was named for Lord Chesterfield (1694-1773), who was an English statesman. The oldest town in the County is Cheraw which was founded in 1748. (Although the county seat is Chesterfield). The town Cheraw was known as Chatham until 1821.

Cheraw and Chesterfield were occupied briefly by General Sherman’s troops during the Civil War.

Chesterfield County is home to Cheraw State Park (established 1934.)

There are several sites on the National Register of Historic Places in Chesterfield, SC which include Historic Districts.

A famous native of Chesterfield County, SC is jazz great Dizzy Gillespie.

Chesterfield County SCGenweb site

A History of the Chesterfield County Public Library

Chesterfield District Chapter, South Carolina Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 167
Chesterfield, SC 29709

Chesterfield County Courthouse
200 West Main Street
County Courthouse
Chesterfield, SC 29709


1850 Federal Census index by last name only

1850 Federal Census transcription Directory opens to listing of text files, titled by page number and the above index.


USGS listing of cemeteries of Chesterfield County

Cemetery Transcriptions

Query Forums

Chesterfield County, SC Forum for Queries

Latest South Carolina Genealogy Query posts for Chesterfield County from the Forum:

Chesterfield County, SC at genforum

Cities and towns of Chesterfield County:

Chesterfield (County Seat)
Mount Croghan

News related to Chesterfield County, SC:

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